Cinchona Ledgeriana


Exploring the historical geography of the Nilgiri cinchona plantations. Cinchona definition, any of several trees or shrubs of the genus Cinchona, of the madder family, especially C. A total of 21 endophytic filamentous fungi were isolated from the young stems of Cinchona ledgeriana (Rubiaceae) cultivated in West Java, Indonesia. Native to South America. New eight endophytic filamentous fungi were isolated from the young stems of Cinchona ledgeriana (Rubiaceae) cultivated in Japan. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Pot arribar a fer de 15 a 20 m d'alt i té fulles lluents i grosses. Anti-arrhythmic: Ajmaline (root, Rauwolfia sellowii), Quinidine (bark, Cinchona ledgeriana), Digoxin (whole plant, Digitalis purpurea) Antihistamine: Ephedra & pseudoephedrine (Ephedra sinicia) Antibacterial (in dental products): Sanguinarine (root, Sanguinaria canadiensis) Antihypertensive: Reserpine (root, Rauwolfia nitida). Cinchona is the national tree of both Peru and Ecuador. Although the value of this bark in the treatment of intermittent fevers became widely known in 1638 through the cure of the countess of Chinchon, it was not until 1810 that any attempt was made to determine definitely the active principles to which its properties were due. cinchona-ledgeriana | definition: Peruvian shrub or small tree having large glossy leaves and cymes of fragrant yellow to green or red flowers; cultivated for its medicinal bark | synonyms: Cinchona officinalis, Cinchona calisaya, genus Cinchona, cinchona, genus Chinchona, chinchona, calisaya. Cinchona ledgeriana foi descrita por José Celestino Mutis e publicado en Papel Periodico de Santa Fe 111: 465, no ano 1793. Perhatikan instruksi penyimpanan pada kemasan produk atau tanyakan pada apoteker Anda. pubescens is known as the source of reddish bark (much used in Europe), while cultivated C. misschien is dit een leuk cadootje voor een tropendokter. Ledger learned about the different kinds of cinchona plants and their properties from a Bolivian Aymara. By grafting what was eventually named C. Vous recherchez un FEVER-TREE Smoky Ginger Ale 200ML ? Le meilleur choix de sodas fever-tree. Cinchona officinalis, the Quinine Bark tree Qinchona ·, is a South American tree, native to Amazon Rainforest plant community. A British collector, Charles Ledger, obtained some seeds of a relatively potent Bolivian species, Cinchona ledgeriana. This is the story of quinine, told in an interesting style by Norman Taylor, known to garden lovers as the editor of the Garden Dictionary and other popular works but equally familiar to those interested in drugs as the director of the Cinchona Products Institute, an organization devoted to the. , KINA_ ROCHE Kinatinctuur, Kina drops further and tonic, specifically for pharmaceutical purposes. CINCHONA ENTERPRISE IN JAVA. We've got 0 rhyming words for cinchona ledgeriana » What rhymes with cinchona ledgeriana? This page is about the various possible words that rhymes or sounds like cinchona ledgeriana. (Beachte im Systematikabschnitt, dass es sich bei in diesem Abschnitt geschilderten Arten heute um Synonyme handelt. calisaya, native to the Andes, cultivated there and in Java and India for its bark, which yields quinine and other alkaloids. Met name jezuïeten zorgden voor een snelle verspreiding van de toepassing in heel Europa, daarom werd het wondermiddel vaak Polvo de los Jesuitas ofwel jezuïetenpoeder genoemd. calisaya by Andersson (Mem. Symptoms of overdose include ringing of the ears, headache, nausea, diarrhea, and vision disturbances. officinalis or C. officinalis, C. calisaya yields a yellowish bark which is an industrial source of alkaloids. ledgeriana has vigor and growth better than hairy roots of C. July 8, 1883 With the lucky purchase from Mr. [2]Etimoloxía. net dictionary. ledgeriana. officinalis, C. A number of various other chemicals can also be synthesised from Cinchona, and these include cinchonine, cinchonidine and quinidine. The addition of phloroglucinol to the medium promoted growth and, within the range 40·5 to 181·5 mg 1-1, there was no permanent effect of concentration on the growth promotion. officinalis, c. (1829) Cinchona micrantha Ruiz & Pav. 金鸡纳,中药材名。本品为茜草科金鸡纳属植物金鸡纳树Cinchona ledgeriana Moens. Various Cinchona species, including calisaya, ledgeriana, and officinalis, are used medicinally. Cinchona can also cause bleeding and allergic reactions, including hives and fever. officinalis known as pale Cinchona Family Rubiaceae Condition: dry, broken. ledgeriana, C. キナノキ(キナの木)(学名 : Cinchona)は、アカネ科キナノキ属に属する植物の総称で、マラリアの特効薬であるキニーネを含む植物として知られている。. 3 synonyms for Cinchona ledgeriana: calisaya, Cinchona calisaya, Cinchona officinalis. (1753) – kollakooreline kiinapuu. officinalis and C. ledgeriana are the species containing the highest amount of quinine alkaloids - which is why they are the species of choice for cultivation today. After discovering early 17th century references in the British library, Charles and Tim located the only remaining plantation of original Cinchona Ledgeriana. Trees of the species Cinchona ledgeriana or C. The new structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analysis. Am glad to get it as its very hard to obtain anymore. We provide Cinchona Ledgeriana Bark which is useful for many medical purposes. Quinine-obtained from the bark of Cinchona calisaya, Cinchona ledgeriana, Cinchona officinalis, Cinchona robusta, Cinchona succirubra. pubescens was still used as a rootstock ( Drew, 1996 ). [1] Etimología. This is used by pharmaceutical industries and also for preparation of health tonic and blending other items. Cinchona is native to South America, where its species are not all well differentiated, are morphologically variable, and hybridize freely especially in cultivation, where numerous artificial hybrids have been created. Of these species the former three yield respectively the pale, yellow, and red cinchona barks, and the fourth is one of the sources of quinine. officinalis Linn. succirubra. Cinchona alkaloids include quinine, quinidine, cinchonine and cinchonidine. CINCHONA ENTERPRISE IN JAVA. of the alkaloids of Cinchona. The milled powder is from the Cinchona Succirubra (Red Cinchona) bark from Guatemala. The following databases may contain further information on this name. Also called Jesuit's bark, Peruvian bark. They used the trees as saplings, to support the high Ledgeriana – grafts. Cinchona carabayensis Wedd. ledgeriana Howard: synonym for Cinchona calisaya Wedd. Cinchona gironensis Mutis Cinchona gammiana King Cinchona. ledgeriana from the Dutch. Quinine Bark (Red Cinchona) - 450 mg The product seems to be worling well, and helping my leg cramps. Cinchona ledgeriana fue descrita por José Celestino Mutis y publicado en Papel Periódico de Santa Fe 111: 465, en el año 1793. Cinchona forbesiana Howard ex Wedd. What does cinchona ledgeriana mean? Information and translations of cinchona ledgeriana in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. S-a obținut prin cultivarea în noua zonă a unei varietăți care a primit denumirea de Cinchona ledgeriana, după numele celui care a creat-o. The Beginnings of a N ew Era Throughout the 1890's and the first three decades of the 1900's, cinchona cultivation in Guatemala was in the dol­ drums. Klasifikasi. Crown cinchona, Ledger cinchona, yellow cinchona (En). Supposedly, the planting of cinchona trees outside of South America was initiated by the Jesuits, who had long collected the bark in Peru and promoted its use wherever there were Jesuit. Guatemala), y se desarrolla en alturas de 900 a 3400 msnm. It can be availed from us at. -- Ruth -- July 4, 2008: Quinine Bark (Red Cinchona) - 450 mg Have used this and find its excellant for leg cramps. We provide Cinchona Ledgeriana Bark which is useful for many medical purposes. The American Society of Pharmacognosy as "the study of the physical, chemical, biochemical and biological properties of drugs, drug substances or potential drugs or drug substances of natural origin as well as the search for new drugs from natural sources. Plant Cell Tissue Organ Cult. Nama Ilmiah : Cinchona ledgeriana Moens. The effect of low‐level, atmospheric methyl jasmonate on this developmentally controlled process was studied. The 7 cinchona species planted are calisaya, hybrid, kartamanah, officinalis, succirubra, tjinjiroan and ledgeriana. ledgeriana Howard: synonym for Cinchona calisaya Wedd. Flowering stem Photograph by: Forest and Kim Starr. By grafting what was eventually named C. Plantations of the species, later named Cinchona ledgeriana, provided much of the world's quinine from 1900 to 1940. What does cinchona officinalis mean? Information and translations of cinchona officinalis in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. The bark of some species contains quinine and is useful against malaria. Cinchona gammiana King; Cinchona gironensis Mutis; Cinchona hasskarliana Miq. , Cinchona calisaya Wedd. Peruvian shrub or small tree having large glossy leaves and cymes of fragrant yellow to green or red flowers; cultivated for its medicinal bark. noun any of several trees or shrubs of the genus Cinchona, of the madder family, especially C. succirubra Pav. Cinchona) – raudinių (Rubiaceae) šeimos augalų gentis. 8S ribosomal DNA region. This page is your cinchona bark one-stop source for the competitive prices and quality from sewing machine suppliers and manufacturers. Our QAA content ranges from 4. officinalis or C. , Cinchona calisaya Wedd. Cinchona care. The species which quinine is extracted from are: cinchona officinalis, cinchona calisaya, cinchona pubescens and cinchona ledgeriana. Learn more about cinchona plants and their history of use against malaria. In both species, about 1 p. Influence of High, Medium, and Low Soil Moisture on Growth and Alkaloid Content of Cinchona ledgeriana Arnaud J. It is also used for blood vessel disorders including hemorrhoids, varicose veins, and leg cramps. , Quinquina calisaya (Wedd. Sudaro apie 40 rūšių, paplitusių Pietų Amerikos tropinėse srityse. In addition, it is commercially demanded for its bitter taste in certain soft drinks. Of these species the former three yield respectively the pale, yellow, and red cinchona barks, and the fourth is one of the sources of quinine. ledgeriana Bern. lancifolia. The BP/EP recognizes the whole or cut, dried bark of Cinchona pubescens Vahl (C. Trees of the species Cinchona ledgeriana or C. La Cinchona officinalis, infine, fornisce la china grigia; è ricca di chinina (anche se in misura minore della Cinchona ledgeriana e della Cinchona calisaya), ma piuttosto povera di altri alcaloidi. ledgeriana, C. The name of the genus is due to Carolus "Carl" Linnaeus, who named the tree in 1742 after a Countess of Chinchón, the wife of a viceroy of Peru, who, in 1638, was introduced by. Jangan simpan Cinchona calisaya di kamar mandi atau freezer. ledgeriana out of Bolivia and established extensive plantations of high grade Cinchona trees in Java, soon dominating the world production of Cinchona and the quinine market. Although it is also reported for treatment of depurative, whooping cough, influenza and dysentery. succirubra. Cinchona) – raudinių (Rubiaceae) šeimos augalų gentis. View detailed Import data, price, monthly trends, major importing countries, major ports of cinchona bark under HS Code 12119039. lancifolia Mutis and also generally. [2] Etimoloxía. Geomelu herbeceutical started under the purview of Nwakasi George Omelu since 1970′s. Some people use cinchona for mild attacks of influenza, swine flu, the common cold, malaria, and. net dictionary. CINCHONA (Cinchona ledgeriana or C. A ridge covered with Cinchona Ledgeriana at Munsong. They used the trees as saplings, to support the high Ledgeriana – grafts. , Cinchona calisaya Wedd. This is the story of quinine, told in an interesting style by Norman Taylor, known to garden lovers as the editor of the Garden Dictionary and other popular works but equally familiar to those interested in drugs as the director of the Cinchona Products Institute, an organization devoted to the. Infectivity of the virus was restored in case of C. ledgeriana, C. calisaya ( C. 2: the dried bark of a cinchona (such as C. Dried: Yes. Quinologists were appointed to oversee the extraction of alkaloids with John Broughton in the Nilgiris and C. 1007/BF00040194. NCBI BLAST name: eudicots Rank: species Genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Mitochondrial genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Plastid genetic code: Translation table 11 (Bacterial, Archaeal and Plant Plastid) Other names: heterotypic synonym. Isolation of the Active Substance Quinine. ledgeriana collected from Yunnan Province in China. Cinchona ledgeriana (Howard) Bern. Cinchona is a dried bark obtained from the cultivated trees of Cinchona calisaya, Cinchona ledgeriana, Cinchona officinalis, Cinchona succirubra of the family Rubiaceae. In Peru, Brazil and other South American cultures, Cinchona is a well-respected herb for promoting …. Various substances were added in the normal growth media to promote quinoline alkaloids production by cell cultures of Cinchona ledgeriana. calisaya, Cinchona officinalis, Cinchona ledgeriana, Cinchona calisaya (noun). Cinchona adalah genus beranggotakan sekitar 25 spesies dari suku Rubiaceae yang berasal dari Amerika Selatan tropika. Su corteza, que es denominada quina o quinaquina, posee amplias cualidades medicinales, al igual que otras especies del género Cinchona. Comprende specie conosciute col nome di china , con proprietà attribuite agli alcaloidi presenti nella corteccia. New eight endophytic filamentous fungi were isolated from the young stems of Cinchona ledgeriana (Rubiaceae) cultivated in Japan. robusta and C. 1880, Yellow Cinchona, Calisaya Bark; Cortex Chinae Calisayae, Cortex. calisaya yields a yellowish bark which is an industrial source of alkaloids. succirubra Pavon), C. This page was last edited on 17 December 2019, at 15:54. Classified under: Nouns denoting plants. calisaya ( C. Although all cinchona species are good sources of quinine, C. Cinchona is a genus in the Rubiaceae- coffee family. CINCHONA (Cinchona ledgeriana or C. Cinchona is a tree. Cinchona delondriana Wedd. Moens ex Trimen. Cheng GG, Cai XH, Zhang BH, et al. ledgeriana (yellow bark), and C. Cinchona is used for increasing appetite; promoting the release of digestive juices; and treating bloating, fullness, and other stomach problems. Wetland Status. Cinchona officinalis is used as a homeopathic remedy When the remedy matches the symptom profile, China has the ability to treat conditions such as anaemia, asthma, cholecystitis, chronic fatigue syndrome, diarrhoea, fever, gastritis, headache and migraine,inflammatory bowel disease, myalgia and neuralgia, malaria, peptic ulcer, and spenomagaly. ledgeriana (Howard) Bernelot Moens ex Trimen; Quinquina calisaya (Weddell) Kuntze; Q. キナノキ(キナの木)(学名 : Cinchona)は、アカネ科キナノキ属に属する植物の総称で、マラリアの特効薬であるキニーネを含む植物として知られている。. Cinchonae Flavae Cortex; Yellow Cinchona Bark, Cinchona Flava, U. , Cinchona ledgeriana Moens. Interestingly, more than twenty five alkaloids have been isolated and characterized either from the Yellow Cinchona i. Cinchona could not cure all fevers, only those of malaria, so if the drug was used on a patient afflicted with some other disease, it appeared to be ineffective. succirubra Pav. This is used by pharmaceutical industries and also for preparation of health tonic and blending other items. Please click on any button to follow a link to that database. Source: www. falciparum resistance to quinine. Hairy roots of C. It belongs to the family Rubiaceae. Childers Plant Physiology Oct 1947, 22 (4) 613-619; DOI: 10. Supposedly, the planting of cinchona trees outside of South America was initiated by the Jesuits, who had long collected the bark in Peru and promoted its use wherever there were Jesuit. Loustalot , Harold F. NCBI BLAST name: eudicots Rank: species Genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Mitochondrial genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Plastid genetic code: Translation table 11 (Bacterial, Archaeal and Plant Plastid) Other names: heterotypic synonym. Chininmedis (lot. Definition of cinchona ledgeriana in the Definitions. ledgeriana. Although all cinchona species are good sources of quinine, C. Tropical valleys of the Andes. Infectivity of the virus was restored in case of C. Cinchona ledgeriana Moens. It is also grown in Darjeeling (West Bengal). Cinchona is native to South America, where its species are not all well differentiated, are morphologically variable, and hybridize freely especially in cultivation, where numerous artificial hybrids have been created. The Dutch and British cultivated cinchona trees in their East Indian colonies but the quinine content was very low in those species. Cinchona (pronounced / s ɪ ŋ ˈ k oʊ n ə / or / s ɪ n ˈ tʃ oʊ n ə /) is a genus of flowering plants in the family Rubiaceae containing at least 23 species of trees and shrubs. Cinchona care. ), of Cinchona calisaya Wedd. Linnaeus named this genus of tree species after the Countess of Chinchon, according to legend, promoted the use of the medicinal bark after she herself was successfully treated for malaria in the 1630s. They are harvested from the bark of trees Cinchona spp. , of Cinchona ledgeriana Moens ex Trimen, or of their varieties or hybrids Related Products MHS470: Yellow Cinchona bark Cinchona calisaya: Dried herbs: TIN162: Cinchona bark tincture Cinchona calisaya: 1:5 45%:. Trees or shrubs, to 15(-25) m tall; bark grayish brown, thin, with many shallow fissures; branches flattened to subquadrangular, puberulent to hirtellous or glabrescent. Los principales países o regiones proveedores son China, que proveen el 100% de cinchona officinalis extracto, respectivamente. The discovery of the anti-malarial properties of the bark of the cinchona tree and its transfer from its native South America to British India and the Dutch East Indies in the mid nineteenth century is relatively well known (Headrick, 1981, Honigsbaum, 2002 and Rocco, 2004). Cinchona bark is known as Countess’s bark, Peruvian bark, quinquina, and quinina, from which the name quinine derives. ledgeriana. Tanaman Obat Tradisional, Manfaat Kina (Cinchona Ledgeriana) Pe gobatan Lewat Internet Kina (Cinchona ledgeriana) berkhasiat sebagai obat malaria, penurun panas dan penambah nafsu makan. ledgeriana or of its varieties or hybrids family rubiaceae it yields 6. the dried bark of the stem or root of various South American trees of the genus Cinchona; it is the source of quinine, cinchonine, and other alkaloids and was used as an antimalarial. The powder can be scooped for more precise quantity control. Būdingi visžaliai, iki 25 m aukščio medžiai, rečiau krūmai. Chen (in FRPS 71(1): 224-225. キナノキ(キナの木)(学名 : Cinchona)は、アカネ科キナノキ属に属する植物の総称で、マラリアの特効薬であるキニーネを含む植物として知られている。. What does cinchona ledgeriana mean? Information and translations of cinchona ledgeriana in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Calisaya known as yellow Cinchona, C. Plantae: Cinchona calisaya var. The results showed that only A. Synonyms for Cinchona ledgeriana in Free Thesaurus. Cinchona, genus of about 23 species of plants, mostly trees, in the madder family (Rubiaceae), native to the Andes of South America. The results are below. Cinchona or Quina is a genus of about 38 species in the family Rubiaceae, native to the tropical Andes forests of western South America. ledgeriana, C. It belongs to the family Rubiaceae. Cinchona ledgeriana (Howard) Bern. Ledger managed to get some seeds out; the British government refused to buy them but the Dutch government bought a small parcel, which was successfully cultivated in Java. Rod Cinchona je v rámci čeledi Rubiaceae řazen do podčeledi Cinchonoideae a tribu Cinchoneae. By grafting what was eventually named C. The genus is famous for being the source of the medicinal alkaloid quinine, the first malaria treatment. Our name was chosen as it is the colloquial name for the cinchona tree, the bark of which produces quinine. All structured data from the main, Property, Lexeme, and EntitySchema namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; text in the other namespaces is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. ledgeriana collected from Yunnan Province in China. The names found have these generic epithets: Cinchona; species epithets begin with: Cinchona calisaya var. In addition, it is commercially demanded for its bitter taste in certain soft drinks. We are a biological high-tech enterprise with independent Import & Export rights since 2005. It is an evergreen tree, growing to a height of 10-12m with a sparse branching habit. , Cinchona officinalis Linn. A Cinchona nursery on Munsong Plantation. ledgeriana (Moens ex Trimen) or its varieties or hybrids, containing not less than 6. the scientific name was later modified from chinchona. Quinine-obtained from the bark of Cinchona calisaya, Cinchona ledgeriana, Cinchona officinalis, Cinchona robusta, Cinchona succirubra. Cinchona is a tree. Media in category "Cinchona" The following 82 files are in this category, out of 82 total. In the meantime Charles Ledger and his native assistant Manuel collected another species from Succirubraa. Which alkaloid is not present in cinchona bark? a) Quinidine b) Quinine c) Quinovin d) Cinchonin Ans : c 43. Other drugs that have the same active ingredients (e. succirubra). Many of the trees which had been planted for sbade in coffee fincas were destroyed. Prohibits the sale, supply or importation of any medicine for human use which consists of or contains a plant, or part of a plant, belonging to the species Senecio or an extract from such a plant. pubescens is known as the source of reddish bark (much used in Europe), while cultivated C. In memory of his inventions, Geomelu pharmaceutical was officially launched in 2013. It is also grown in Darjeeling (West Bengal). Scientific Name: Cinchona spp. succirubra and C. Κιγχόνη η λεδγεριανή (Cinchona ledgeriana), η οποία παράγει επίσης κίτρινη κίνα και μοιάζει πολύ με το προηγούμενο είδος. ledgeriana and C. This is the species from which the Ledger type of C, offtcinalis L. cinchona ledgeriana bark We are Guatemala's leading producer of Cinchona ledgeriana bark, with a current capacity to export between 115,000kg-138,000kgs/year. 商品説明 Gaggiaベストセラーマシン Milano Blackが美しいシンプル操作のエントリーモデル セラミックグラインダー(ONLY GAGGIA):特殊セラミック製フラットグラインダーを使用することでコーヒー豆を均一に挽き、加熱を防ぐと共に消音性、耐久性も向上します. robusta and C. Cinchona pubescens Habit showing red leaves under Acacia koa at Makawao Forest Reserve, Maui - Credit: Forest and Kim Starr - Plants of Hawaii - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3. 0 License, permitting sharing and adaptation with attribution. Merek lain dari Cinchona calisaya mungkin memiliki aturan penyimpanan yang berbeda. 1007/BF00040194. Any of various evergreen trees and shrubs of the genus Cinchona, native chiefly to the Andes, some species of which are cultivated for their bark, which contains quinine and other alkaloids used chiefly to treat malaria. TROPLANDIS is a trading company specialised in tropical botanical extracts and natural food. Several species, including C. [ 2 ] They are large shrubs or small trees growing 5–15 metres in height with evergreen foliage. Rubiaceae + Synonyms. This is used by pharmaceutical industries and also for preparation of health tonic and blending other items. Cinchona calisaya Wedd. Cinchona calisaya Wedd. We provide Cinchona Ledgeriana Bark which is useful for many medical purposes. 02,乙醇)。易溶于热乙醇,微溶于水和乙醚。其盐酸盐酸为小片状结晶,熔点273~274℃,旋光度+184(c=1. Microscopically there was very little difference observed between the two species. synonym for Cinchona calisaya Wedd. Seven new cinchona alkaloids, cinchonanines A-G (1-7), and 29 known alkaloids were isolated from the barks of Cinchona surrirubra and C. A cinchona factory was also established in Darjeeling. Elles se différencient par la couleur de l’écorce (jaune, rouge ou grise) : Cinchona officinalis, C. Plant Cell Tissue Organ Cult. The cardiac effects of cinchona bark were noted in academic medicine at the end of the 17th century. Cinchona gironensis Mutis Cinchona gammiana King Cinchona. Cinchona ledgeriana: 1 n Peruvian shrub or small tree having large glossy leaves and cymes of fragrant yellow to green or red flowers; cultivated for its medicinal bark Synonyms: Cinchona calisaya , Cinchona officinalis , calisaya Type of: chinchona , cinchona any of several trees of the genus Cinchona. In commerce, C. Name: Cinchona Bark, ‫ا‬ Origin: the dried stem and root barks of: Cinchona succirubra known as red Cinchona, C. It is also referred as Peruvian or Jesuit’s bark; or Countess. Cinchona officinalis is a medicinal plant, one of several Cinchona species used for the production of quinine, which is an (39 of 236 words, 1 image) en. Although it is also reported for treatment of depurative, whooping cough, influenza and dysentery. Scientific Name: Cinchona spp. Cinchona calisaya Wedd. Cinchona could not cure all fevers, only those of malaria, so if the drug was used on a patient afflicted with some other disease, it appeared to be ineffective. The important species, which are under commercial cultivation, are Cinchona ledgeriana, C. A research to evaluate effect of concentration of BAP and IBA on growth of shoot and root of Cinchona ledgeriana Moens in vitro culture, was conducted at Biomolecullar Laboratory of Research Institute for Biotechnology of Plantation Crops, Bogor. 50R17 120R LRD RWL ホワイトレター 取寄商品/代引不可. calisaya Weddell, or hybrids of these with other species of Cinchona, known in commerce as calisaya bark or yellow cinchona. Cinchona ledgeriana bark quantity. Cinchona species especially the barks are commonly known for commercial production of quinine as antimalarial. Add to Wishlist. officinalis, C. Distribution and Habitat: The native range of cinchona species are the lower to mid-elevations of the Andes in South America. Cinchona is native to South America, where its species are not all well differentiated, are morphologically variable, and hybridize freely especially in cultivation, where numerous artificial hybrids have been created. Cinchona ledgeriana bark Powder quantity Add to Enquiry Category: Herbal Extracts Manufacturers Exporters Suppliers in India Tags: Chichona , Herbal Extract , sv agrofood. Herbal Bioactives. Tips for Safe Use. New eight endophytic filamentous fungi were isolated from the young stems of Cinchona ledgeriana (Rubiaceae) cultivated in Japan. ledgeriana has vigor and growth better than hairy roots of C. Definition of cinchona officinalis in the Definitions. Cinchona ledgeriana - Peruvian shrub or small tree having large glossy leaves and cymes of fragrant yellow to green or red flowers; cultivated for its medicinal bark. De bast van Cinchona ledgeriana bevat evenwel gemiddeld 13 procent kinine. Cara Panen : 1. ledgeriana Cinchona calisaya var. ledgeriana, C. fairly evenly distributed over the year, and a well-drained virgin soil rich in humus. Synonyymit. The 7 cinchona species planted are calisaya, hybrid, kartamanah, officinalis, succirubra, tjinjiroan and ledgeriana. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Cinchona pubescens Habit showing red leaves under Acacia koa at Makawao Forest Reserve, Maui - Credit: Forest and Kim Starr - Plants of Hawaii - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3. ledgeriana (Moens ex Trimen) or its varieties or hybrids, containing not less than 6. ledgeriana from the Dutch. Source: www. Cinchona alkaloids from Cinchona succirubra and Cinchona ledgeriana. Moens ex Trimen 1881: El quino, quinquina, quinina (Cinchona ledgeriana) ye un árbol de la familia de les rubiacees, orixinariu de los montes d'Ecuador, Per ú y Bolivia. Cinchona care. officinalis, C. Publication Author Huxley. Moens ex Trimen. Cinchona (pronounced / s ɪ ŋ ˈ k oʊ n ə / or / s ɪ n ˈ tʃ oʊ n ə /) is a genus of flowering plants in the family Rubiaceae containing at least 23 species of trees and shrubs. 3 synonyms for Cinchona ledgeriana: calisaya, Cinchona calisaya, Cinchona officinalis. Ledgeriana, + hybrids, Moens, Calisaya, + hybrids, Weddell, succirubra, + hybrids, Pavon, and other. Cinchona calisaya is an evergreen Tree growing to 6 m (19ft) by 6 m (19ft) at a medium rate. Tanaman Obat Tradisional, Manfaat Kina (Cinchona Ledgeriana) Pe gobatan Lewat Internet Kina (Cinchona ledgeriana) berkhasiat sebagai obat malaria, penurun panas dan penambah nafsu makan. officinalis that grew at different elevations. Rötegewächse (Rubiaceae) Wissenswertes zur Pflanze. 为大人带来形象的羊生肖故事来历 为孩子带去快乐的生肖图画故事阅读. robusta and C. Also called Jesuit's bark, Peruvian bark. officinalis or C. イザベルマラン 帽子 ハット キャップ レディース Black 送料無料。イザベルマラン 帽子 ハット キャップ レディース【Isabel Marant Evie Hat】Black. The introduction of several species into cultivation in the same areas in India and Java, respectively, by the English and Dutch East India Companies led to the formation of hybrids. Until 1913 Cinchona production was characterized. In this paper we reported in vitro examination of other bioactivities (antidiabetes, antioxidant and in vitro cytotoxicity) of 70% ethanol extract of Cinchona ledgeriana and C. Scientific Name: Cinchona spp. Moens ex Trimen Dataset GBIF Backbone Taxonomy Rank SPECIES Published in. Calisaya known as yellow Cinchona, C. It is native to the forests of the eastern slopes of the Andes , where they grow from 200-3,300 metres (660-10,830 ft) in elevation in Peru and Bolivia. Cinchona amygdalifolia Wedd. Divisi: Spermatophyta. ledgeriana) because of its much higher quinine content. Cinchona was recently monographed by Andersson (Mem. Distribution and Habitat: The native range of cinchona species are the lower to mid-elevations of the Andes in South America. The Dutch and British cultivated cinchona trees in their East Indian colonies but the quinine content was very low in those species. Many of the trees which had been planted for sbade in coffee fincas were destroyed. It is also used for blood vessel disorders including hemorrhoids, varicose veins, and leg cramps. 􀁺􀁺 Origin: Dried root & stem barks of Cinchona succirubra (Red cinchona), Cinchona ledgeriana, C. Looking for cinchona bark? You've come to the right place. Automated multiple development thin layer chromatography of some plant extracts. Cinchona alkaloids from Cinchona succirubra and Cinchona ledgeriana. ledgeriana from the Dutch. De bast van Cinchona ledgeriana bevat evenwel gemiddeld 13 procent kinine. 8 g of the sample previously dried at 50o for 2 h, with 20 ml of water at 65o for 30 min. They have dark green, waxy leaves similar to other members of the Rubiacea family like coffee plants. , six Diaporthe spp. Those three species are Cinchona officinalis, Cinchona ledgeriana and Cinchona succirubra. met de hand beschilderd. They are harvested from the bark of trees Cinchona spp. In commerce, C. plant Cinchona succirubra, Cinchona officinalis, Cinchona calysaya and Cinchona ledgeriana (F: Rubiaceae). Cinchona is native to South America, where its species are not all well differentiated, are morphologically variable, and hybridize freely especially in cultivation, where numerous artificial hybrids have been created. Su corteza, que es denominada quina o quinaquina, posee amplias cualidades medicinales, al igual que otras especies del género Cinchona. , and Cinchona succirubra Pavon. Symptoms of overdose include ringing of the ears, headache, nausea, diarrhea, and vision disturbances. All compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxicity against five human cancer cell lines. Quinine Bark (Red Cinchona) - 450 mg The product seems to be worling well, and helping my leg cramps. : Quina; Peruvian bark; Countess bark 23. Žaliava: Gazuotas šaltinio vanduo, chininas iš Cinchona Ledgeriana žievės, papildomai saldinta natūralia stevija. Results of a name search (scientific name view) for the United States Department of Agriculture PLANTS database. calisaya ( C. , and Cinchona succirubra Pavon. The fastest hairy roots growth were found in MS medium, while growth in others medium was poor. Composition of the endophytic filamentous fungi associated with Cinchona ledgeriana seeds and production of Cinchona alkaloids J. Only Bitters have gone out to procure the best Cinchona Bark for making your own Tonic Syrups we could find. The second main source of Cinchona bark is a species alternatively known as C. Cinchona derives its name from the countess of Chinchon, who the bark of a cinchona tree saved from the approach of death. Cinchona calisaya is a species of shrub or tree in the family Rubiaceae. We found the following words that Rhyme with Cinchona ledgeriana. Those three species are Cinchona officinalis, Cinchona ledgeriana and Cinchona succirubra. succirubra, the Dutch soon dominated cinchona cultivation, eventually producing 80 percent of the world’s quinine on the Indonesian island of Java. Page de résultat présentant le genre Cinchona. fairly evenly distributed over the year, and a well-drained virgin soil rich in humus. Influence of High, Medium, and Low Soil Moisture on Growth and Alkaloid Content of Cinchona ledgeriana Arnaud J. ,药用其树皮、叶中所含生物碱。全年可采,从中提取生物碱用。. If you have a difficulty finding a right supplier, post your Buying Leads for FREE now! Get Listed EC21 is the largest global B2B marketplace. [1] Etimología. A handbook of cinchona culture Wellcome L0051353. Around 1630 Spanish Jesuits in South America learned of the healing powers of the cinchona tree. People use the bark to make medicine. Su corteza, que es denominada quina o quinaquina, posee amplias cualidades medicinales, al igual que otras especies del género Cinchona. Media in category "Cinchona" The following 82 files are in this category, out of 82 total. The important species, which are under commercial cultivation, are Cinchona ledgeriana, C. Synonyms: calisaya; Cinchona calisaya; Cinchona ledgeriana; Cinchona officinalis. They have dark green, waxy leaves similar to other members of the Rubiacea family like coffee plants. succirubra) Powers: Luck, Protection Magical Uses: Carried, a piece of the bark gives luck as well as protection from bodily. its fine Ledgeriana bark ; prices were falling in world markets; and coffee was King. Four kinds of endophytic filamentous fungi (code names: CLS-1, CLS-2, CLS-3, and CLS-4) associated with the seeds of Cinchona ledgeriana (Rubiaceae) from West Java, Indonesia, were isolated. Quinine Bark (Red Cinchona) - 450 mg The product seems to be worling well, and helping my leg cramps. 5% of total alkaloids, 30-60% of which consists of quinine-type alkaloids. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in. Cinchona ledgeriana Quinine. ledgeriana Cinchona calisaya var. Cinchona is the dried bark of the stem or the root of Cinchona calisaya, Cinchona ledgeriana, Cinchona officinalis, and Cinchona succirubra or hybrids of any of the first two species with any of the last two species; belonging to the family Rubiaceae. Scientific Name: Cinchona spp. (quina) in Brazilian traditional medicine. Calisaya known as yellow Cinchona, C. It belongs to the family Rubiaceae. ledgeriana Howard, Cinchona carabayensis Wedd. Cinchona ledgeriana is a hybrid with a higher yield of alkaloids than either of the parent species, however it did not exist in Hahnemann's times. It is also referred as Peruvian or Jesuit’s bark; or Countess. Quinine-obtained from the bark of Cinchona calisaya, Cinchona ledgeriana, Cinchona officinalis, Cinchona robusta, Cinchona succirubra. officinalis, C. This page was last edited on 26 February 2020, at 06:37. rhizogenes strain LBA 9457 were effective for transformation of explants from both Cinchona species. officinalis, c. [ 2 ] They are large shrubs or small trees growing 5–15 metres in height with evergreen foliage. Cinchona officinalis es una especie de árbol originario de América del Sur, principalmente en Perú y Bolivia, que se encuentra en la selva lluviosa de Amazonia. 5% of total alkaloids, 30–60% of which consists of quinine-type alkaloids. Cinchona is a tree. The powdered bark from these tree was originally known as 'Jesuit powder' after the Jesuit missionaries working in Peru. Cinchona ledgeriana bark Powder quantity Add to Enquiry Category: Herbal Extracts Manufacturers Exporters Suppliers in India Tags: Chichona , Herbal Extract , sv agrofood. Composition of endophytic fungi living in Cinchona ledgeriana Rubiaceae. What does cinchona ledgeriana mean? Information and translations of cinchona ledgeriana in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. It is also used for blood vessel disorders including hemorrhoids, varicose veins, and leg cramps. Quinoline Alkaloids in Suspension Cultures of Cinchona ledgeriana Treated with Various Substances. , or hybrids of any of the first two species with any of the last two species, belonging to family Rubiaceae. Quinidine, an alkaloid of cinchona bark, is used for its anti-malarial, anti-pyretic and oxytonic actions. The countries agreed to “sole buying priv-ileges” for all cinchona bark if it had a fixed minimum total crystallizable alkaloid con-tent, which varied from 2 to 3% minimum. Synonyms for Cinchona ledgeriana in Free Thesaurus. Calisaya known as yellow Cinchona, C. CINCHONA (Cinchona ledgeriana or C. Cinchona calisaya Wedd. Lab-4 The chemistry and isolation of Quinine from Cinchona bark Aim: Determination of the alkaloids of Cinchona bark These alkaloids are derived from the dried barks of the stem and dried bark of the root of the plant Cinchona succirubra, Cinchona officinalis, Cinchona calysaya and Cinchona ledgeriana (F: Rubiaceae). 3),易溶于甲醇、氯仿,微溶于水或乙醇,难溶于醋酐。来源于茜草科植物金鸡纳树(Cinchona ledgeriana Moens)的树皮。为抗. de - Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this image under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. Perhatikan instruksi penyimpanan pada kemasan produk atau tanyakan pada apoteker Anda. Cinchona calisaya var. Biological Source of Cinchona: Other names of Cinchona Bark: Cinchona is a dried bark obtained from the cultivated trees of Cinchona calisaya, Cinchona ledgeriana, Cinchona officinalis, Cinchona succirubra of the family Rubiaceae. 2: the dried bark of a cinchona (such as C. ボリビアキナノキ Cinchona ledgeriana Moens キナ皮(レッゼリアナ皮) キニーネ製造原料 名前の由来:本種の種子をオランダ政府に提供したイギリス人、George Ledgerに因む. Ne esistono diverse specie: officinalis, succirubra, ledgeriana La parte impiegata è la corteccia da cui si estraggono numerosi alcaloidi, che rappresentano il chinino, il farmaco antimalarico per eccellenza delle popolazioni che non accedono ai moderni farmaci tecnologici. Congo DR #444 20c Cinchona Ledgeriana Flower MNH in Africa > Congo. ledgeriana and C. succirubra). succirubra, the Dutch soon dominated cinchona cultivation, eventually producing 80 percent of the world’s quinine on the Indonesian island of Java. Quinine is a drug which is made from the bark of the Cinchona tree. Cinchona is used for increasing appetite; promoting the release of digestive juices; and treating bloating, fullness, and other stomach problems. DANS is an institute of KNAW and NWO. Meaning of cinchona ledgeriana. Divisi: Spermatophyta. pubescens is known as the source of reddish bark (much used in Europe), while cultivated C. Cinchona calisaya, Cinchona ledgeriana, Cinchona officinalis. ledgeriana when virus–plant extract mixture was diluted to 1 : 10 or 1 : 100, whereas in C. The Beginnings of a N ew Era Throughout the 1890's and the first three decades of the 1900's, cinchona cultivation in Guatemala was in the dol­ drums. Cinchona was recently monographed by Andersson (Mem. Cinchona bark is known as Countess’s bark, Peruvian bark, quinquina, and quinina, from which the name quinine derives. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Flowering stem Photograph by: Forest and Kim Starr. Learn more about cinchona plants and their history of use against malaria. succirubra). Il existe plusieurs variétés de quinquina plus ou moins riches en quinine. Cinchona ledgeriana (Howard) Bern. Of the eight fungi isolated, there were five genera Cladosporium, one Meira. The results showed that only A. Ledger in 1865 of a packet of seeds of the now well-known Cinchona Ledgeriana, the Dutch "cinchona culture of the. Quinologists were appointed to oversee the extraction of alkaloids with John Broughton in the Nilgiris and C. New eight endophytic filamentous fungi were isolated from the young stems of Cinchona ledgeriana (Rubiaceae) cultivated in Japan. ledgeriana out of Bolivia and established extensive plantations of high grade Cinchona trees in Java, soon dominating the world production of Cinchona and the quinine market. Quinine is the key ingredient that creates the gentle bitterness in tonic water. Share this. succirubra Pavon), C. De bovenaangeduide standaardaanduiding, conform de database bij IPNI, kan gebruikt worden om Franz Junghuhn aan te duiden bij het citeren van een botanische naam. Kulit wit-é wujud sumber manéka jinis alkaloid, kang paling dikenal yakuwi kinina, sawijining senyawa antipiretik (penawar demam) kang mligi dianggo nambani malaria. falciparum resistance to quinine. At present about nine-tenths of the bark required is derived from C. this genus of tree species was named by Linnaeus after the Countess of Chinchon, according to legend, promoted the use of the medicinal bark after she herself was successfully. 5 percent to 16 percent. Cinchona is the dried bark of the stem or of the root of Cinchona calisaya Wedd. It is also grown in Darjeeling (West Bengal). A genus of about 40 woody species native to the South American Andes. There are no. ボリビアキナノキ Cinchona ledgeriana Moens キナ皮(レッゼリアナ皮) キニーネ製造原料 名前の由来:本種の種子をオランダ政府に提供したイギリス人、George Ledgerに因む. Ledgeriana, + hybrids, Moens, Calisaya, + hybrids, Weddell, succirubra, + hybrids, Pavon, and other. También puede elegir de polvo cinchona officinalis extracto, Hay proveedores de 78 cinchona officinalis extracto, principalmente ubicados en Asia. Quinoline alkaloids in suspension cultures of Cinchona ledgeriana treated with various substances D RATNADEWI Hayati Journal of Biosciences 17 (4), 179-182 , 2010. Cinchona ledgeriana - Peruvian shrub or small tree having large glossy leaves and cymes of fragrant yellow to green or red flowers; cultivated for. As it was first discovered in Peru it is. Cinchona is the national tree of both Peru and Ecuador. succirubra dalam kultur in vitro Hairy root culture of Cinchona ledgeriana and C. Cinchona definition, any of several trees or shrubs of the genus Cinchona, of the madder family, especially C. A cinchona factory was also established in Darjeeling. (Beachte im Systematikabschnitt, dass es sich bei in diesem Abschnitt geschilderten Arten heute um Synonyme handelt. Dutch planters coped with this overproduction by further increasing harvests and relying upon the high quinine content of the Cinchona ledgeriana. Don and Cinchona ledgeriana Moens. Pot arribar a fer de 15 a 20 m d'alt i té fulles lluents i grosses. Synonyms for Cinchona ledgeriana in Free Thesaurus. It belongs to the family Rubiaceae. Tanaman Obat Tradisional, Manfaat Kina (Cinchona Ledgeriana) Pe gobatan Lewat Internet Kina (Cinchona ledgeriana) berkhasiat sebagai obat malaria, penurun panas dan penambah nafsu makan. Although all cinchona species are good sources of quinine, C. succirubra) Powers: Luck, Protection Magical Uses: Carried, a piece of the bark gives luck as well as protection from bodily. Cinchona pubescens is a widely cultivated tropical forest tree which invades a variety of forest and non-forest habitats. Various Cinchona species, including calisaya, ledgeriana, and officinalis, are used medicinally. , Cinchona ledgeriana Moens. rhizogenes strain LBA 9457 were effective for transformation of explants from both Cinchona species. ★: 著者: Shoji Maehara, Andria Agusta, Yoshimi Tokunaga, Hirotaka Shibuya, Toshiyuki Hata: 2: 論文題目: Endophyte composition and Cinchona alkaloid production abilities of Cinchona ledgeriana cultivated in Japan. In addition to their use in pharmacy, quinine and. Chen (in FRPS 71(1): 224-225. 8S ribosomal DNA region. The Dutch also introduced C. cin·cho·na (sin-kō'nă), The dried bark of the root and stem of various species of Cinchona, a genus of evergreen trees (family Rubiaceae. 熔点169℃。旋光度+231(c=2. The important species, which are under commercial cultivation, are Cinchona ledgeriana, C. Various Cinchona species, including calisaya, ledgeriana, and officinalis, are used medicinally. Cinchona calisaya Wedd. Cinchona explanation. - In vitro mass propagation through meristem-derived plants. cin·cho·na (sĭng-kō′nə, sĭn-chō′-) n. सिनकोना (Cinchona) एक सदाबहार पादप है जो झाड़ी अथवा ऊँचे वृक्ष के रूप में उपजता है। यह रूबियेसी (Rubiaceae) कुल की वनस्पति है। इनकी छाल से कुनैन नामक औषधि प्राप्त की. calisaya ( C. Cinchona is called as Jesuit's bark as this bark was identified and used by the Jesuits for its anti-pyretic property. officinalis that grew at different elevations. Synonym: WCSP: 2012-03-23: Cinchona calisaya var. The native range of cinchona species are the lower to mid-elevations of the Andes in South America. pubescens is known as the source of reddish bark (much used in Europe), while cultivated C. Cinchona species especially the barks are commonly known for commercial production of quinine as antimalarial. the dried bark of the stem or root of various South American trees of the genus Cinchona; it is the source of quinine, cinchonine, and other alkaloids and was used as an antimalarial. calisaya yields a yellowish bark which is an industrial source of alkaloids.  Today their efforts yield two important species of Bolivia: Yellow Bark cinchona (Cinchona calisaya) and. officinalis, C. CINCHONA (Cinchona ledgeriana or C. A manual of Cinchona cultivation in India. The species later named Cinchona ledgeriana yielded 8 to 13 percent quinine in bark grown in Dutch Indonesia, which effectively out-competed the British Indian production. La Cinchona officinalis, infine, fornisce la china grigia; è ricca di chinina (anche se in misura minore della Cinchona ledgeriana e della Cinchona calisaya), ma piuttosto povera di altri alcaloidi. Distribution and Habitat: The native range of cinchona species are the lower to mid-elevations of the Andes in South America. Cinchona calisaya Wedd. ledgeriana Howard: synonym for Cinchona calisaya Wedd. ★: 著者: Shoji Maehara, Andria Agusta, Yoshimi Tokunaga, Hirotaka Shibuya, Toshiyuki Hata: 2: 論文題目: Endophyte composition and Cinchona alkaloid production abilities of Cinchona ledgeriana cultivated in Japan. The most important of these is the Cinchona SUCCIRUBRA, the red juicy Cinchona bark. Interestingly, more than twenty five alkaloids have been isolated and characterized either from the Yellow Cinchona i. Many studies have revealed that cell culture of Cinchona also produces quinine. A total of 21 endophytic filamentous fungi were isolated from the young stems of Cinchona ledgeriana (Rubiaceae) cultivated in West Java, Indonesia. (Download Help) Cinchona ledgeriana TSN 511014 Taxonomy and Nomenclature Kingdom: Plantae : Taxonomic Rank: Species : Common Name(s): Accepted Name(s): Cinchona. Quinologists were appointed to oversee the extraction of alkaloids with John Broughton in the Nilgiris and C. The BP/EP recognizes the whole or cut, dried bark of Cinchona pubescens Vahl (C. total cinchona alkaloids in finished beverage Cinchona, yellow, bark Cinchona ledgeriana Moens, C. In addition to their use in pharmacy, quinine and. 10 Resistant strains of Plasmodium have been identified. Anggota génus iki wujud tuwuhan perdu gedhé utawa wit cilik ijo abadi kang tuwuh nganti 5—15 mèter. net dictionary. ledgeriana Bern. Cinchona, genus of about 23 species of plants, mostly trees, in the madder family (Rubiaceae), native to the Andes of South America. CINCHONA (Cinchona ledgeriana or C. The search led them to the Andes mountains habitat of a genus of trees they named Cinchona. Cinchona ledgeriana [the ~] noun the Cinchona ledgeriana – Peruvian shrub or small tree having large glossy leaves and cymes of fragrant yellow to green or red flowers; cultivated for its medicinal bark 1. Rond 1650 werd bekend dat de bast van de Cinchona ledgeriana, de kinaboom uit Zuid-Amerika, met succes als geneesmiddel bij koortsen te gebruiken was. ISHS International Symposium on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants ANTILEISHMANIAL MODE OF ACTION OF DERIVATIVES OF THE QUINOLINE ALKALOID (QUININE) FROM THE BARK OF CINCHONA LEDGERIANA. A ridge covered with Cinchona Ledgeriana at Munsong. This entailed examing the drugs microscopically as well as evaluating the content of the principle alkaloid Quinine. Cinchona ledgerianaとは?薬用植物一覧。 科名:アカネ科別名:-生薬名:キナヒ(キナ皮)漢字表記:-原産:南米用途:熱帯の常緑樹で、キナ属の樹皮をキナ皮といいます。. Moens ex Trimen: Synonym: WCSP: 2012-03-23: Cinchona pahudiana Howard: Synonym: WCSP: 2012-03-23: Cinchona peruviana Howard: Synonym: WCSP: Quinquina ledgeriana (Howard) Kuntze: Synonym: WCSP: 2012-03-23: Further information. Ledgeriana, + hybrids, Moens, Calisaya, + hybrids, Weddell, succirubra, + hybrids, Pavon, and other. Cinchona Bark Uses, Benefits and Side Effects (2 days ago) Scientific name: cinchona spp. Related Articles + Incense Cones Listings USA. ledgeriana Cinchona calisaya var. Potential Blenders and core components note. Moens ex Trimen.